The pontificate of Innocent III (1198-1216) saw another phase in the expansion of crusading. Campaigns in the Baltic advanced further and the holy war in Iberia stepped forwards too. In 1195 Muslims had crushed Christian forces at the Battle of Alarcos, which, so soon after the disaster at Hattin, seemed to show God's deep displeasure with his people. By 1212, however, the rulers of Iberia managed to pull together to rout the Muslims at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa to seal a major step in the recovery of the peninsula. That said, the particular cultural, political and religious make-up of the region mean that it would be wrong, as in the Holy Land, to characterise relations between religious groups as constant warfare, a situation outlined by Robert Burns and Paul Chevedden. In southern France, meanwhile, efforts to curb the Cathar heresy had failed and, in a bid to defeat this sinister threat to the Church in its own backyard, Innocent authorised a crusade to the area. See the piece by Richard Cavendish. Catharism was a dualist faith, albeit with a few links to mainstream Christian practice, but it also had its own hierarchy and was intent upon replacing the existing elite. Years of warfare ensued as the crusaders, led by Simon de Monfort, sought to drive the Cathars out, but ultimately their roots in southern French society meant they could endure and it was only the more pervasive techniques of the Inquisition, initiated in the 1240s, that succeeded where force had failed.
\"Too often in the past, we have thought of the artist as an idler and dilettante and of the lover of arts as somehow sissy and effete. We have done both an injustice. The life of the artist is, in relation to his work, stern and lonely. He has labored hard, often amid deprivation, to perfect his skill. He has turned aside from quick success in order to strip his vision of everything secondary or cheapening. His working life is marked by intense application and intense discipline.\" --\"LOOK magazine, 'The Arts in America' (552),\" December 18, 1962, Public Papers of the Presidents: John F. Kennedy, 1962.
Based on the novel by Tom Perrotta, this is a skillfully woven tale of suburban angst that retains a very novelistic feel. An excellent case study in how to make voiceover work for and not against your script.
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Hi, I read a commentary by Robert Towne, who said that the narrative skills in older movies is superior. He said more about how it costs the characters a lot to do the right thing in them, which makes it more believable, enjoyable, and funny. For this reason I think Billy Wilder is essential reading, especially:SOME LIKE IT HOT and THE APARTMENTHe was able to make the story turn on very simple plot-points without the need to thread endless spaghetti.
The first few sequences of Cadaver sets up the milieu and its characters quite well. An irritated Michael (Munishkanth) is trudging his way into a mortuary, mulling over a case that has become complicated. Inside, it is a little damp and dark and more importantly, smells awful. So awful that Michael has to pull out his handkerchief and cover both his nose and mouth. How do you even work here, he mutters to himself, as he strides forward carefully lest the many corpses lying there are disturbed from their peaceful slumber.
A new report from the UN Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) released on Wednesday, confirms the erosion of basic human rights across the country since the Taliban takeover in August last year, pointing out they bear responsibility for extrajudicial killings, torture, arbitrary arrests and detentions, and violations of fundamental freedoms.
According to the report, those worst affected, were those linked to the former government and its security forces, with 160 extrajudicial killings confirmed, as well as 178 arbitrary arrests and detentions, and 56 instances of torture.
However, the sequel makes some jumps the first film didn't (the cursed video isn't the only mode of attack this time). Things get heavy -- and freaky -- and a doctor ends up pulling a large syringe from a drawer, calmly jamming it into her own neck and pumping her veins full of air. With a peaceful smile, she breathes her last breath and dies a disturbingly quiet death. So we're left to wonder once again, can a shot of air really kill someone
Director: James WanStarring: Leigh Whannell, Cary Elwes, Danny GloverOccasionally forgotten in the wake of its many sequels, the original Saw is a cracking, gonzo low-budget shocker: stylish, well written and boasting a killer surprise at the end. While the seeds of the tortuous future instalments are sown by the police investigation happening in the background, the central premise is thrillingly lean: two strangers, locked together in a room, and they don't know why. Tell us you're not hooked.Read The Empire Review
Director: David Robert MitchellCast: Maika Monroe, Keir Gilchrist, Daniel ZovattoA strong contender for the best horror film of 2014, It Follows runs with its brilliant central concept and never drops the ball. We never really learn what the 'It' is, except that it's a mysterious entity that's somehow sexually transmitted, manifesting as a variety of shuffling injured strangers, or sometimes as people known to the victims it inexorably pursues. It's an interesting twist on the slasher movie \"promiscuous teens get killed\" trope, with the wrinkle that if you find yourself affected, you can just shag someone else and get rid of it, like a chain letter. That rule takes the film to some very dark places.Read The Empire Review 1e1e36bf2d